Choose Metric:

Notes:


Teammates


# Player Pos Years First Last Team WAR Off Fld Pit Adj
1 Ken Raffensberger SP 6 1947 1952 CIN 22.7 -2.0 -0.1 24.7 0.0
2 Johnny Vander Meer SP 5 1942 1949 CIN 14.4 -0.8 -0.0 15.2 0.0
3 Grady Hatton 3B 7 1946 1952 CIN 13.8 14.9 -2.1 0.0 1.0
4 Mickey Mantle CF 2 1952 1953 NYY 12.3 12.0 0.6 0.0 -0.3
5 Yogi Berra C 2 1952 1953 NYY 10.9 9.1 0.8 0.0 0.9
6 Hank Bauer RF 2 1952 1953 NYY 9.7 9.0 1.9 0.0 -1.3
7 Ted Kluszewski 1B 6 1947 1952 CIN 9.6 14.4 -2.0 0.0 -2.8
8 Bobby Adams 2B 7 1946 1952 CIN 9.5 8.2 -0.8 0.0 2.1
9 Phil Rizzuto SS 2 1952 1953 NYY 9.2 4.3 3.1 0.0 1.8
10 Howie Fox SP 5 1946 1951 CIN 8.8 -0.3 -0.1 9.1 0.0
11 Gene Woodling LF 2 1952 1953 NYY 8.5 8.6 1.1 0.0 -1.1
12 Gil McDougald 3B 2 1952 1953 NYY 7.6 5.6 1.7 0.0 0.3
13 Lonny Frey 2B 2 1942 1946 CIN 7.5 4.8 1.9 0.0 0.8
14 Johnny Wyrostek RF 5 1948 1952 CIN 7.4 10.6 -1.7 0.0 -1.6
15 Bucky Walters SP 4 1942 1948 CIN 6.3 1.1 -0.0 5.2 0.0
16 Joe Collins 1B 2 1952 1953 NYY 5.6 6.8 -0.1 0.0 -1.1
17 Eddie Lopat SP 2 1952 1953 NYY 5.5 0.2 0.0 5.3 -0.0
18 Frank Smith RP 3 1950 1952 CIN 5.1 -0.4 -0.0 5.5 -0.0
19 Augie Galan LF 2 1947 1948 CIN 5.1 5.8 -0.1 0.0 -0.6
20 Harry Perkowski SP 5 1947 1952 CIN 5.0 -0.1 -0.0 5.1 0.0
21 Danny Litwhiler RF 4 1948 1951 CIN 4.9 6.0 -0.2 0.0 -0.9
22 Allie Reynolds SP 2 1952 1953 NYY 4.9 -0.1 0.0 5.0 -0.0
23 Harry Gumbert RP 4 1946 1949 CIN 4.8 0.0 0.0 4.8 0.0
24 Ray Starr SP 1 1942 1942 CIN 4.8 -0.6 -0.0 5.4 -0.0
25 Willie Ramsdell SP 2 1950 1951 CIN 4.5 -0.2 -0.0 4.8 0.0
26 Eddie Miller SS 2 1946 1947 CIN 4.4 2.2 0.5 0.0 1.7
27 Joe Beggs SP 3 1942 1947 CIN 4.4 -0.1 0.0 4.5 -0.0
28 Billy Martin 2B 2 1952 1953 NYY 4.3 1.6 1.5 0.0 1.2
29 Ray Mueller C 4 1946 1949 CIN 4.2 1.9 1.6 0.0 0.7
30 Ray Lamanno C 4 1942 1948 CIN 3.9 2.2 0.2 0.0 1.5
31 Vic Raschi SP 3 1952 1955 NYY/OAK 3.8 -0.3 0.0 4.1 0.0
32 Hank Sauer LF 3 1942 1949 CIN 3.8 4.5 0.1 0.0 -0.8
33 Vic Power 1B 1 1955 1955 OAK 3.6 4.2 0.1 0.0 -0.7
34 Herm Wehmeier SP 6 1947 1952 CIN 3.6 -0.1 -0.1 3.8 0.0
35 Johnny Sain SP 3 1952 1955 NYY/OAK 3.3 1.3 0.0 2.0 0.0
36 Whitey Ford SP 1 1953 1953 NYY 3.2 0.8 -0.0 2.5 0.0
37 Buddy Lively SP 3 1947 1949 CIN 3.2 0.1 -0.0 3.1 0.0
38 Frank McCormick 1B 1 1942 1942 CIN 3.1 3.0 0.9 0.0 -0.8
39 Elmer Valo LF 1 1955 1955 OAK 3.0 3.6 -0.3 0.0 -0.3
40 Connie Ryan 2B 2 1950 1951 CIN 2.9 2.9 -1.2 0.0 1.2
41 Bert Haas 1B 3 1942 1947 CIN 2.9 4.0 -0.2 0.0 -1.0
42 Irv Noren CF 2 1952 1953 NYY 2.8 2.3 1.2 0.0 -0.7
43 Eddie Joost SS 1 1942 1942 CIN 2.5 0.8 0.6 0.0 1.1
44 Joe Adcock LF 3 1950 1952 CIN 2.3 2.6 1.0 0.0 -1.3
45 Enos Slaughter RF 1 1955 1955 OAK 2.2 2.4 0.1 0.0 -0.3
46 Andy Seminick C 1 1952 1952 CIN 2.1 1.7 0.1 0.0 0.4
47 Eddie Lukon LF 2 1946 1947 CIN 2.1 2.3 0.5 0.0 -0.7
48 Bud Podbielan SP 1 1952 1952 CIN 2.0 0.0 0.0 1.9 0.0
49 Alex Kellner SP 1 1955 1955 OAK 2.0 0.2 0.0 1.7 0.0
50 Johnny Hetki SP 4 1946 1950 CIN 1.9 0.6 0.0 1.3 0.0
51 Hector Lopez 3B 1 1955 1955 OAK 1.9 1.5 0.3 0.0 0.2
52 Roy McMillan SS 2 1951 1952 CIN 1.9 0.1 0.3 0.0 1.5
53 Babe Young 1B 2 1947 1948 CIN 1.8 2.8 -0.4 0.0 -0.5
54 Paul Derringer SP 1 1942 1942 CIN 1.8 -0.1 -0.0 1.9 0.0
55 Tom Gorman RP 3 1952 1955 NYY/OAK 1.8 -0.4 0.0 2.2 0.0
56 Joe Nuxhall RP 1 1952 1952 CIN 1.8 -0.2 0.0 2.0 -0.0
57 Hank Edwards LF 2 1951 1952 CIN 1.8 2.3 -0.2 0.0 -0.4
58 Ed Heusser SP 1 1946 1946 CIN 1.7 0.2 0.0 1.5 0.0
59 Frank Baumholtz RF 3 1947 1949 CIN 1.6 3.9 -1.2 0.0 -1.1
60 Harry Walker CF 1 1949 1949 CIN 1.5 1.8 -0.0 0.0 -0.2
61 Willard Marshall RF 1 1952 1952 CIN 1.5 2.2 -0.3 0.0 -0.5
62 Walker Cooper C 2 1949 1950 CIN 1.4 1.2 -0.1 0.0 0.3
63 Gus Zernial LF 1 1955 1955 OAK 1.4 2.0 -0.2 0.0 -0.5
64 Clyde Shoun RP 3 1942 1947 CIN 1.3 -0.0 0.0 1.3 -0.0
65 Bud Byerly RP 3 1950 1952 CIN 1.2 -0.1 0.0 1.4 -0.0
66 Claude Corbitt SS 3 1946 1949 CIN 1.2 -0.3 0.4 0.0 1.2
67 Dain Clay CF 1 1946 1946 CIN 1.2 0.4 0.9 0.0 -0.2
68 Bob Kuzava SP 2 1952 1953 NYY 1.2 -0.2 0.0 1.4 -0.0
69 Don Bollweg 1B 2 1953 1955 NYY/OAK 1.2 1.5 -0.1 0.0 -0.2
70 Eddie Erautt SP 5 1947 1951 CIN 1.0 -0.2 0.0 1.3 -0.0
71 Walker Cress RP 2 1948 1949 CIN 1.0 0.2 0.0 0.8 0.0
72 Jim Greengrass CF 1 1952 1952 CIN 1.0 0.9 0.1 0.0 -0.0
73 Jim Finigan 2B 1 1955 1955 OAK 1.0 1.4 -0.8 0.0 0.4
74 Ray Scarborough RP 2 1952 1953 NYY 1.0 0.1 0.0 0.8 -0.0
75 Peanuts Lowrey LF 2 1949 1950 CIN 0.9 1.0 0.6 0.0 -0.7
76 Charlie Silvera C 2 1952 1953 NYY 0.9 0.5 0.2 0.0 0.1
77 Cal Abrams CF 1 1952 1952 CIN 0.8 1.1 -0.1 0.0 -0.1
78 Joe Astroth C 1 1955 1955 OAK 0.8 0.1 0.3 0.0 0.4
79 Jerry Coleman 2B 2 1952 1953 NYY 0.8 0.5 0.2 0.0 0.1
80 Al Libke RF 1 1946 1946 CIN 0.8 1.3 0.1 0.0 -0.6
81 Jimmy Bloodworth 2B 2 1949 1950 CIN 0.7 0.5 -0.2 0.0 0.4
82 Gee Walker CF 1 1942 1942 CIN 0.7 0.3 0.7 0.0 -0.3
83 Bubba Church SP 1 1952 1952 CIN 0.7 0.4 0.0 0.3 0.0
84 Johnny Mize 1B 2 1952 1953 NYY 0.7 0.8 0.1 0.0 -0.2
85 Lloyd Merriman CF 3 1949 1951 CIN 0.6 0.7 0.1 0.0 -0.2
86 Tom Morgan SP 1 1952 1952 NYY 0.6 0.1 0.0 0.5 0.0
87 Bob Malloy RP 2 1946 1947 CIN 0.6 0.1 0.0 0.5 0.0
88 Eric Tipton LF 1 1942 1942 CIN 0.5 0.6 0.1 0.0 -0.2
89 Bill Harrington RP 1 1955 1955 OAK 0.5 -0.1 0.0 0.6 0.0
90 Johnny Schmitz RP 2 1952 1953 CIN/NYY 0.5 0.2 0.0 0.3 0.0
91 Mike McCormick CF 2 1942 1946 CIN 0.4 0.1 0.5 0.0 -0.1
92 Arnie Portocarrero SP 1 1955 1955 OAK 0.4 -0.1 0.0 0.5 0.0
93 Benny Zientara 2B 3 1946 1948 CIN 0.4 -0.8 0.2 0.0 1.0
94 Frank Hiller SP 1 1952 1952 CIN 0.4 0.1 0.0 0.3 0.0
95 Bobby Shantz SP 1 1955 1955 OAK 0.4 -0.2 0.0 0.6 0.0
96 Andy Carey 3B 2 1952 1953 NYY 0.4 0.4 -0.0 0.0 0.0
97 Tommy Tatum CF 1 1947 1947 CIN 0.4 0.2 0.2 0.0 -0.0
98 Jim Brideweser SS 2 1952 1953 NYY 0.4 0.3 0.0 0.0 0.1
99 Harry Simpson CF 1 1955 1955 OAK 0.4 1.4 -0.9 0.0 -0.1
100 Loren Babe 3B 2 1952 1953 NYY 0.4 0.1 0.2 0.0 0.0
101 Ken Burkhart RP 2 1948 1949 CIN 0.3 0.3 0.0 0.1 0.0
102 Max West LF 1 1946 1946 CIN 0.3 0.8 -0.1 0.0 -0.3
103 Marion Fricano RP 1 1955 1955 OAK 0.3 0.0 0.0 0.2 0.0
104 Willy Miranda SS 1 1953 1953 NYY 0.3 -0.3 0.4 0.0 0.1
105 Barney McCosky LF 1 1951 1951 CIN 0.3 0.4 -0.1 0.0 -0.0
106 Bill Renna LF 2 1953 1955 NYY/OAK 0.3 0.7 0.0 0.0 -0.5
107 Ival Goodman RF 1 1942 1942 CIN 0.2 0.6 -0.0 0.0 -0.3
108 Hobie Landrith C 3 1950 1952 CIN 0.2 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.1
109 Sammy Meeks SS 3 1949 1951 CIN 0.2 0.1 -0.2 0.0 0.3
110 Kent Peterson SP 5 1947 1951 CIN 0.2 -1.0 0.0 1.3 0.0
111 Max Marshall RF 1 1942 1942 CIN 0.2 1.1 -0.2 0.0 -0.7
112 Ron Northey RF 1 1950 1950 CIN 0.2 0.7 -0.4 0.0 -0.1
113 Dee Phillips SS 1 1942 1942 CIN 0.2 -0.3 0.3 0.0 0.2
114 Bobby Brown 3B 1 1952 1952 NYY 0.2 0.2 0.0 0.0 0.0
115 Art Ditmar SP 1 1955 1955 OAK 0.2 -0.1 0.0 0.2 0.0
116 Steve Filipowicz LF 1 1948 1948 CIN 0.1 0.2 0.0 0.0 -0.0
117 Joe Abreu 3B 1 1942 1942 CIN 0.1 0.1 -0.0 0.0 0.0
118 Steve Kraly SP 1 1953 1953 NYY 0.1 -0.1 0.0 0.2 0.0
119 Jay Avrea RP 1 1950 1950 CIN 0.1 -0.0 0.0 0.1 0.0
120 Ted Tappe - 2 1950 1951 CIN 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0
121 Ken Polivka RP 1 1947 1947 CIN 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.0
122 Whitey Moore RP 1 1942 1942 CIN 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
123 Bill Wilson CF 1 1955 1955 OAK 0.0 0.5 -0.3 0.0 -0.2
124 Bob Scheffing C 2 1950 1951 CIN 0.0 0.2 -0.4 0.0 0.2
125 Marv Rackley - 1 1950 1950 CIN 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
126 Archie Wilson - 1 1952 1952 NYY 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
127 Ed Blake RP 2 1951 1952 CIN 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
128 Jim Robertson C 1 1955 1955 OAK 0.0 -0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
129 Art Schult - 1 1953 1953 NYY 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
130 Frank Verdi SS 1 1953 1953 NYY 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
131 Jim Bolger LF 2 1950 1951 CIN -0.0 -0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
132 Ken Holcombe RP 1 1948 1948 CIN -0.0 0.0 0.0 -0.0 0.0
133 Frankie Kelleher LF 1 1942 1942 CIN -0.0 0.1 0.1 0.0 -0.2
134 Bobby Mattick SS 1 1942 1942 CIN -0.0 -0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
135 Frank Secory LF 1 1942 1942 CIN -0.0 -0.0 0.0 0.0 -0.0
136 Charlie Keller LF 1 1952 1952 NYY -0.0 -0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
137 Eric MacKenzie C 1 1955 1955 OAK -0.0 -0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
138 Ralph Houk C 2 1952 1953 NYY -0.0 -0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0
139 Jim Blackburn RP 2 1948 1951 CIN -0.0 -0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0
140 Ernie Koy - 1 1942 1942 CIN -0.1 -0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0
141 Marv Rickert - 1 1948 1948 CIN -0.1 -0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0
142 Mike Schultz RP 1 1947 1947 CIN -0.1 0.0 0.0 -0.1 0.0
143 Jackie Jensen CF 1 1952 1952 NYY -0.1 -0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0
144 Don Plarski CF 1 1955 1955 OAK -0.1 -0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0
145 Jim Gleeson RF 1 1942 1942 CIN -0.1 -0.1 0.0 0.0 -0.0
146 Lon Goldstein - 1 1946 1946 CIN -0.1 -0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0
147 Garland Lawing CF 1 1946 1946 CIN -0.1 -0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0
148 Dick Sisler RF 1 1952 1952 CIN -0.1 -0.0 0.0 0.0 -0.0
149 Hal Bevan 3B 1 1955 1955 OAK -0.1 -0.1 -0.0 0.0 0.0
150 Sonny Dixon RP 1 1955 1955 OAK -0.1 0.0 0.0 -0.1 0.0
151 Frank Fanovich RP 1 1949 1949 CIN -0.1 -0.0 0.0 -0.1 0.0
152 Art Schallock RP 2 1952 1953 NYY -0.1 0.1 0.0 -0.2 0.0
153 Hugh Poland C 2 1947 1948 CIN -0.1 0.1 -0.2 0.0 0.0
154 George Burpo RP 1 1946 1946 CIN -0.1 0.0 0.0 -0.1 0.0
155 Frank Dasso RP 1 1946 1946 CIN -0.1 0.0 0.0 -0.1 0.0
156 Ozzie Van Brabant RP 1 1955 1955 OAK -0.1 0.0 0.0 -0.1 0.0
157 Bob Cerv LF 2 1952 1953 NYY -0.1 -0.1 0.0 0.0 -0.1
158 Johnny Hopp 1B 1 1952 1952 NYY -0.1 -0.1 0.0 0.0 -0.0
159 Chuck Aleno 2B 1 1942 1942 CIN -0.2 -0.0 -0.1 0.0 0.0
160 Phil Haugstad RP 1 1952 1952 CIN -0.2 -0.0 0.0 -0.1 0.0
161 Spook Jacobs 2B 1 1955 1955 OAK -0.2 -0.1 -0.2 0.0 0.0
162 Charlie Bishop RP 1 1955 1955 OAK -0.2 0.0 0.0 -0.2 0.0
163 Jim Turner RP 1 1942 1942 CIN -0.2 -0.0 0.0 -0.2 0.0
164 Bob Trice RP 1 1955 1955 OAK -0.2 0.1 0.0 -0.3 0.0
165 Bill Stewart LF 1 1955 1955 OAK -0.2 -0.2 0.0 0.0 -0.0
166 Eddie Kazak 1B 1 1952 1952 CIN -0.2 -0.2 0.0 0.0 0.0
167 Howie Moss RF 1 1946 1946 CIN -0.2 -0.2 0.0 0.0 -0.0
168 Dixie Howell RP 1 1949 1949 CIN -0.2 -0.0 0.0 -0.2 0.0
169 Joe Rossi C 1 1952 1952 CIN -0.2 -0.2 -0.2 0.0 0.2
170 Dick Kryhoski 1B 1 1955 1955 OAK -0.3 -0.2 -0.0 0.0 -0.0
171 Tom Saffell CF 1 1955 1955 OAK -0.3 -0.2 -0.1 0.0 -0.0
172 Kal Segrist 2B 1 1952 1952 NYY -0.3 -0.3 0.0 0.0 0.0
173 Billy Shantz C 1 1955 1955 OAK -0.3 -0.5 -0.1 0.0 0.3
174 Alex George SS 1 1955 1955 OAK -0.3 -0.2 -0.2 0.0 0.0
175 Gus Triandos 1B 1 1953 1953 NYY -0.3 -0.4 0.1 0.0 -0.0
176 Moe Burtschy RP 1 1955 1955 OAK -0.3 0.1 0.0 -0.4 0.0
177 Bob Spicer RP 1 1955 1955 OAK -0.3 -0.0 0.0 -0.3 0.0
178 Jim McDonald SP 2 1952 1953 NYY -0.3 0.2 0.0 -0.5 -0.0
179 Lee Wheat RP 1 1955 1955 OAK -0.3 0.0 0.0 -0.3 0.0
180 Niles Jordan RP 1 1952 1952 CIN -0.3 -0.0 0.0 -0.3 0.0
181 Wally Westlake CF 1 1952 1952 CIN -0.3 0.0 -0.3 0.0 -0.1
182 Chuck Kress 1B 2 1947 1949 CIN -0.3 -0.2 -0.1 0.0 -0.1
183 Wally Post CF 3 1949 1952 CIN -0.4 -0.5 0.2 0.0 -0.1
184 Dick West C 1 1942 1942 CIN -0.4 -0.4 0.0 0.0 0.0
185 Johnny Pramesa C 3 1949 1951 CIN -0.4 0.4 -1.4 0.0 0.6
186 Eddie Pellagrini 2B 1 1952 1952 CIN -0.5 -0.5 -0.0 0.0 0.1
187 Johnny Temple 2B 1 1952 1952 CIN -0.5 -0.5 -0.1 0.0 0.1
188 Glenn Cox SP 1 1955 1955 OAK -0.5 -0.0 0.0 -0.5 0.0
189 Elmer Riddle SP 2 1942 1947 CIN -0.5 0.4 -0.0 -0.9 0.0
190 Walt Craddock RP 1 1955 1955 OAK -0.6 -0.1 0.0 -0.5 0.0
191 Eddie Shokes 1B 1 1946 1946 CIN -0.6 -0.6 0.1 0.0 -0.1
192 Al Lakeman C 3 1942 1947 CIN -0.6 -0.6 -0.0 0.0 0.1
193 Clete Boyer 3B 1 1955 1955 OAK -0.6 -0.5 -0.2 0.0 0.1
194 Lou Sleater RP 1 1955 1955 OAK -0.6 0.0 0.0 -0.6 0.0
195 Gene Thompson SP 1 1942 1942 CIN -0.6 0.3 -0.0 -0.9 0.0
196 Kermit Wahl 3B 1 1947 1947 CIN -0.6 -0.6 -0.1 0.0 0.1
197 Bill Miller SP 2 1952 1953 NYY -0.6 0.1 0.0 -0.7 0.0
198 Jack Littrell SS 1 1955 1955 OAK -0.7 -0.6 -0.2 0.0 0.1
199 Harry Schaeffer RP 1 1952 1952 NYY -0.7 -0.1 0.0 -0.6 0.0
200 Jerry Schypinski SS 1 1955 1955 OAK -0.7 -0.5 -0.3 0.0 0.1
201 Johnny Gray SP 1 1955 1955 OAK -0.7 -0.1 0.0 -0.6 0.0
202 Howie Schultz 1B 1 1948 1948 CIN -0.7 -0.4 -0.2 0.0 -0.1
203 Bob Borkowski CF 1 1952 1952 CIN -0.7 0.1 -0.6 0.0 -0.2
204 Clayton Lambert RP 2 1946 1947 CIN -0.7 -0.1 0.0 -0.6 0.0
205 Gus Keriazakos RP 1 1955 1955 OAK -0.7 -0.1 0.0 -0.7 0.0
206 Pete Suder 2B 1 1955 1955 OAK -0.8 -0.6 -0.3 0.0 0.1
207 Nate Andrews SP 1 1946 1946 CIN -0.8 -0.1 0.0 -0.7 0.0
208 Mike Kume SP 1 1955 1955 OAK -0.8 -0.1 0.0 -0.8 0.0
209 Dewey Williams C 1 1948 1948 CIN -0.9 -0.5 -0.4 0.0 0.1
210 Harry Craft CF 1 1942 1942 CIN -0.9 -0.8 -0.0 0.0 -0.0
211 Joe DeMaestri SS 1 1955 1955 OAK -0.9 -1.2 -0.4 0.0 0.8
212 Tommy Hughes RP 1 1948 1948 CIN -0.9 -0.1 0.0 -0.8 0.0
213 Ray Herbert RP 1 1955 1955 OAK -0.9 -0.1 0.0 -0.9 0.0
214 Jess Dobernic RP 1 1949 1949 CIN -0.9 0.0 0.0 -1.0 0.0
215 Art Ceccarelli SP 1 1955 1955 OAK -1.0 -0.4 0.0 -0.6 0.0
216 Bobby Hogue RP 1 1952 1952 NYY -1.1 0.0 0.0 -1.2 0.0
217 Rollie Hemsley C 1 1942 1942 CIN -1.2 -1.4 0.1 0.0 0.1
218 Dixie Howell C 4 1949 1952 CIN -1.6 -0.5 -1.7 0.0 0.7
219 Joe Ostrowski RP 1 1952 1952 NYY -1.7 -0.2 0.0 -1.5 0.0
220 Clyde Vollmer CF 4 1942 1948 CIN -1.8 -1.3 -0.3 0.0 -0.1
221 Cloyd Boyer SP 1 1955 1955 OAK -1.9 -0.4 0.0 -1.5 0.0
222 Virgil Stallcup SS 6 1947 1952 CIN -2.4 -4.8 -1.4 0.0 3.8
223 Bob Usher CF 4 1946 1951 CIN -3.4 -1.0 -1.9 0.0 -0.5